We have a number of ongoing research trials for which we are no longer recruiting.
For us to be able to have enough babies or mums for a trial, we often have to screen many hundreds or even thousands. This takes quite some time. Then we have finished recruiting, it is generally quite a long time before we have any results. We often wait until a baby is born or reaches a certain age before we are able to measure what effects there are. We then take some time to carefully analyse and publish the results before we can share them with the community.
N3RO (N-3 fatty acid for Respiratory Outcomes in preterm infants)
Through this trial we are investigating whether the omega 3 fish oil docosahexanoic acid (DHA) given to very preterm babies (those born more than three months early) can help prevent bronchopulmonary dysphagia, a serious lung condition which occurs in about 40 to 50 percent of these babies. We expect to have the results available in the second half of 2016.
We are also planning to undertake a follow-up study (subject to funding) when infants who received the N3RO supplementation reach three years of age examining whether they have improved survival without disability.
Fish on Farms: scale up of homestead food production for improved household food security and nutrition in Cambodia
The Fish on Farms team is currently developing a scalable, cost-effective model of integrated Homestead Food Production (HFP) to improve nutrition, food security and women’s empowerment in Cambodia with the aim of reaching 4500 households.
Is iron deficiency the cause of anaemia among Cambodian women of reproductive age?
Anaemia (low haemoglobin levels) affects half of women in Cambodia. Haemoglobin is important as it helps to transfer oxygen in the blood throughout the body. Without enough haemoglobin women feel tired and it may hurt their baby when pregnant. Anaemia is caused by poor nutrition, blood gene problems, as well as infections. In Cambodia, iron deficiency is assumed to be the cause of anaemia due to low-iron diets, but it is difficult to measure this.
In this study we supplemented women with iron and measured haemoglobin to assess whether anaemia was caused by iron deficiency. There were 809 women in the study which was completed in 2015. Results will be available late 2016.
Combating beriberi in rural Cambodia
Infantile beriberi, a fatal disease caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency, remains a public health concern in Cambodia and regions where B-vitamin poor, polished white rice is a staple food. Low maternal thiamine intake limits breast milk thiamine content, putting breastfed infants at risk of beriberi. In this study, we fortified fish sauce, a popular Cambodian condiment, to increase maternal dietary thiamine intake.