The ORIP Trial (Omega-3 fats to Reduce the Incidence of Prematurity) is a research study that will investigate whether taking a fish oil rich in the omega 3 fat, called Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA), during pregnancy will help prevent very premature delivery.

It is the largest clinical trial of omega-3 supplementation during pregnancy in the world.

In the N3RO Trial (N-3 fatty acids for improvement in Respiratory Outcomes), we are investigating whether giving very preterm infants (those born less than 29 weeks’ gestation) an extra supply of an n-3 (or omega-3) fat called docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), improves important respiratory outcomes associated with being born early. 

The outcome of the trial has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NJEM): Docosahexaenoic Acid and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Preterm Infants. The paper reports the results of the N3RO trial that involved 13 centres in Australia, New Zealand and Singapore and showed that giving extra omega 3 fats to babies born <29 weeks has no effect on chronic lung disease and may increase risk.

This is a randomised trial funded by NHMRC to evaluate a user-controlled, personalised and interactive mobile phone tool to support and facilitate maternal fetal movement awareness and reporting of decreased fetal movements.

Anemia, defined by a low hemoglobin level, affects half of women in Cambodia. Hemoglobin is important as it helps to transfer oxygen in the blood throughout the body. Without enough hemoglobin women feel tired and it may hurt their baby when pregnant. Anemia is caused by poor nutrition, blood gene problems, as well as infections. In Cambodia, iron deficiency is assumed to be the cause of anemia due to low-iron diets. However, it is difficult to assess iron deficiency in populations that have high rates of blood gene problems and infection. The blood markers that are usually used to measure iron deficiency are increased in people with these blood gene problems and infection. Therefore, it is difficult to determine if women in Cambodia really have iron deficiency. This is important in terms of planning nutrition programs that will help with anemia. In this study we supplemented women with iron and measured hemoglobin to assess whether anaemia was caused by iron deficiency.

In response to clear indications from our Aboriginal Research Partnership that improving women’s and children’s nutrition was a high community priority, we developed a proposal for a NHMRC Targeted Call on Research for Preventing Obesity in 18-24 year olds. We were recently awarded $975,882 from NHMRC to conduct this five year study.

The MAGENTA trial is assessing whether antenatal magnesium sulphate given to women at risk of preterm birth between 30 and 34 weeks' gestation reduces the risk of death or cerebral palsy in their children.

This Fish on Farms team is currently developing a scalable, cost-effective model of integrated Homestead Food Production (HFP) to improve nutrition, food security and women’s empowerment in Cambodia with the aim of reaching 4500 households.

The aims of the WISH project are to nationally monitor and improve uptake of the use of antenatal magnesium sulphate immediately prior to imminent (birth planned or definitely expected within 24 hours) early preterm birth (less than 30 weeks' gestation) to reduce the risk of babies dying or developing cerebral palsy.

Infantile beriberi, a fatal disease caused by thiamin (vitamin B1) deficiency, remains a public health concern in Cambodia and regions where B-vitamin poor, polished white rice is a staple food. Low maternal thiamin intake limits breast milk thiamin content, putting breastfed infants at risk of beriberi. In this study we fortified fish sauce, a popular Cambodian condiment, to increase maternal dietary thiamin intake.

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SAHMRI is located on the traditional lands of the Kaurna Nation.

The SAHMRI community acknowledges and respects the traditional owners, the family clans who are the Kaurna Nation from the Adelaide Plains region of South Australia. We acknowledge the clans of the Kaurna Nation and the sacred knowledge they hold for their country. We pay our respects to the Kaurna Nation, their ancestors and the descendants of these living family clans today.